Images of historic Battleship USS „Texas” (BB-35)
3523 Independence Parkway South
LaPorte, TX 77571
|Namesake:||State of Texas|
|Ordered:||24 June 1910|
|Builder:||Newport News Shipbuilding Company|
|Laid down:||17 April 1911|
|Launched:||18 May 1912|
|Sponsored by:||Claudia Lyon|
|Commissioned:||12 March 1914|
|Decommissioned:||21 April 1948|
|Struck:||30 April 1948|
|Nickname:||Big T, Old T|
|5 Battle Stars|
|Status:||Museum ship at San Jacinto State Park|
Soon after her commissioning, USS „Texas” saw action in Mexican waters following the “Tampico Incident” and made numerous sorties into the North Sea during World War I. When the United States formally entered World War II in 1941, USS „Texas” escorted war convoys across the Atlantic, and later shelled Axis-held beaches for the North African campaign and the Normandy Landings before being transferred to the Pacific Theater late in 1944 to provide naval gunfire support during the Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa. USS „Texas” was decommissioned in 1948, having earned a total of five battle stars for service in World War II, and is now a museum ship near Houston, Texas.
Among the world’s remaining battleships, USS „Texas” is notable for being the only remaining dreadnought battleship, though she is not the oldest surviving battleship; Mikasa, a pre-dreadnought battleship ordered in 1898, is older than USS „Texas” . She is also noteworthy for being one of only six remaining ships to have served in both World Wars. Among US-built battleships, USS „Texas” is notable for her sizable number of firsts: the first US Navy vessel to house a permanently assigned contingent of US Marines, the first US battleship to mount anti-aircraft guns, the first US ship to control gunfire with directors and range-keepers (analog forerunners of today’s computers), the first US battleship to launch an aircraft, from a catapult on Turret 3, one of the first to receive the CXAM-1 version of CXAM production radar in the US Navy, the first US battleship to become a permanent museum ship, and the first battleship declared to be a US National Historic Landmark.
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